Ethiopian Highland (Abyssinia)
In contrast to today's meaning of the name in ancient times Ethiopia meant all of Africa south of the 3. cataract of the Nile (cf. map after Herodotus). So using the name Ethiopia to point out events or places in Kush or the Abyssinian highlands is in fact misleading. In the entries of this website Ethiopia is used in the modern meaning as referring to the Abyssinian highlands. For the areas of Ethiopia that are today in the country of Sudan the term Kush is used.
The Ge'ez name Ityoppya, and its English cognate, are thought to be derived from the Greek word Aithiopia, from Aithiops 'an Ethiopian', derived in turn from Greek words meaning "of burned face".
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this entry was last changed May 22, 2008