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 Egyptian archeologyManfred Bietak
"Tell el-Daba-Homepage"

external link: Tell el-Daba-Homepage

Tell el-Dab'a can be identified now with certainty with Avaris, capital of the Hyksos and with the southern part of Piramesse, the Delta residence of Ramesses II and his successors. In the 18th Dynasty the site can most probably be identified with Peru-nefer, the major naval and military stronghold of the Tuthmosides. Most probably this place was also identical with the biblical town Raamses/Ramesse from the time of the Ramessides. The easternmost branch of the Nile passed once west of the site.