see Wawat.

Note: this list was copied from the internet and needs a thorough review

Timeline of Nubian/Kushite Royalty
Rulers of Egypt's 25th Dynasty & Ancient Nubia

Note: The Nubian kings followed the female line of succession. Also see Nubian family tree Egypt 25th dynasty.

King Awawa (1850 BC)

He was a powerful Nubian king ruling at Kerma.

King Nedjeh (1650 BC)

When Nedjeh of Nubia took over the Egyptian forts in Nubia about 1700 BCE, some Egyptian soldiers stayed and worked for them. An inscription of one Egyptian soldier states that he served "as a valiant servant, ? washing my feet in the waters of Kush, in the company of King Nedjeh."

Alara (785-760 BC)

Unites Upper Nubia. Founder of Nubian power in the Napatan dynasty.

King Kashta (760-747 BC)

Brother of King Alara.

Ruler of Napatan Kush and Egypt

(Begin to conquer Egypt from the Libyan pharaohs, starting the 25th dynasty Kushite domination)

King Piankhy (Piye) (747-716 BC)

(Son of Kashta)

His wife is Queen Abar.

Conquers all of Egypt and rules as pharaoh of Egypt until his death. He is portrayed as a ruler who did not glory in the smiting of his adversaries, as did other kings, but rather preferred treaties and alliances. His victories on a stela (called the Victory Stela ("Hear of what I did, more than the ancestors"), now in the Egyptian Museum. In 716 B.C. Piankhy died after a reign of over thirty years. He was buried in an Egyptian style pyramid tomb at el-Kurru, accompanied by a number of horses, which were greatly prized by the Nubians of the Napatan period.

King Shabaka [Great Cat] (716-702 BC)

(Piankhy's brother)

His was the Golden Age of the Nubian domination of Egypt. Throughout his reign Shabaka made many additions to Egyptian temples, such as those at Memphis, Abydos and Esna. Shabaka appointed his son, Horemakhet as High Priest of Amun at Thebes, although the real power in the region lay with his sister Amenirdas I, whose mortuary temple and tomb are at Medinet Habu. Pharaoh Shabaka is noted in the Old Testament, Genesis 10(7).

King Shebitqo (702-690 BC)

King Shabaka's son

King Taharqa (Information and Photo Gallery)

(690-664 BC)

Piye's son. Read about The Osirian Temple of Taharqa at Karnak in Egypt.

671 BC - Assyria invades Egypt, pushing Kush back to area between the third and fourth cataracts.

King Tanwetamani (Tanutamen) (664-653 BC)

Son of Shabaka. Taharqa's nephew. After Assyria left Egypt in 663 BC, he invaded Egypt just like his father and grandfather (Piye) did. He ruled both Egypt and Nubia for eleven years. The Assyrians attacked Thebes, killed many of the people, and looted all the holy places. From this point on, the Nubian kings never again entered Egypt. Tanwetamani continued his rule in Nubia and was buried in the old family cemetery at El-Kurru. Archaeologists found beautiful painted chambers in his tomb. The only known statue of the king, found at Jebel Barkal, is now in the Toledo (Ohio) Museum of Art, but sadly it lacks its head.

This is the end of the 25th Dynasty Egypt; withdrew to Nubia; moved their administrative center further south, from Napata to Meroë.

King Altanersa (653-643 BC)

Taharqa's son

King Senkamanisken (643-623 BC)

(father of Aspelta and Anlamani);

Buried at Nuri

King Anlamani (623-593 BC)

Senkamanisken's son

King Aspalta (593-568 BC)

See photo at left for description. Brother of King Anlamani.

King Armantelqo (568-555 BC)

King Malonaqen (555-542 BC)

King Analmaaye (542-538 BC)

King Amani-nataki-lebte (538-519 BC)

King Irike-amanote (431-405 BC BC)

Some researchers think that Irike-amanote may have helped the Egyptians revolt against the invading Persians in 414-13 and 404 BC.

King Harsiotef (390-350 BC)

Harsiotef?s inscription is especially interesting because it describes the holy site of Jebel Barkal as it was in his day. He speaks of covering temples partly with gold, of laying out gardens and cattle pens, and of rebuilding the old royal palace there, which, he says, had sixty rooms.

King Nastasen (335-315 BC)

In his early reign, a "chief" from Egypt named Kambasawden invaded Lower Nubia. Kambasawden came with transport ships, people, and cattle. Nastasen?s army defeated the invaders, took their treasure, and dedicated it to the god Amun. Ancient text mentions several other battles against desert peoples. These were also victorious and resulted in the capture of large numbers of cattle, goats, and gold.

Meroitic Period (275 BC - 300 AD) -- Meroë

Kushite Rulers

King Arqamani (275-250 BC)

Arqamani builds large pyramids at Meroe. Kalabsha Temple decorations was attributed to the Nubian Pharaoh Arqamani from the 3rd century BC. The building seems to have been finished by the Romans with reference to Caesar Augustus. The Nubian king moves the royal necropolis from Napata to Meroë, a site between the fifth and sixth cataracts. Meroë, already an important center during the Napatan Period, becomes the capital of the Nubian kingdom. Meroë's location at the convergence of a network of caravan roads with trade routes along the White and Blue Niles makes it East Africa's most important center of trade. The Nubians of the Meroitic Period manufacture richly decorated textiles, graceful decorated ceramic vessels, objects of bronze and iron, exceptionally fine gold and cloisonné jewelry, and other luxury items.

King Arnekhamani (235-218 BC)

Candace (Queen) Shanakdakhete (170-150 BC)

Kandake means "great woman" in Meroitic language.

King Tanyidamani (110-90 BC)

Candace Amanishakheto (50-40 BC)

King Teriteqas & Candace Amanirenas (24 BC- ?)

King Natekamani & Candace Amanitore (12 BC - 12 AD)

Bible reference: Acts 8:26-40

Yesbokheamani (283-300 AD)

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this entry was last changed Apr 11, 2011